Rational Realm Style Guidelines

Guidelines for styling and formatting essays and book/journal article reviews for publication on Rational Realm

1. Rational Realm Publication Style Standards

Essays and book/journal article reviews published on Rational Realm conform to the Australasian Journal of Philosophy (AJP) style guidelines. Once your initial submission is accepted, you will be required to edit your content in conformity with the AJP standards. To assist you with conforming to the AJP style guidelines, download the Rational Realm essay style template (in Microsoft Word format). Alternatively, you can request a Rational Realm editor to edit your content for you (nominal fee applies).

Acceptable formats for final submission are .rtf, .doc and .docx, unless you have requested a Rational Realm editor to prepare your final version for publication.

Long essays must be divided into sections and sub-sections, where each section or sub-section is no longer than 2,000 words. This is to enable Rational Realm to publish each section or sub-section on one HTML page.

By allowing Rational Realm to publish your content on the Rational Realm web site and/or newsletter, you agree for Rational Realm to:

  • make available a pdf version of your content for download by visitors to the web site; and
  • include in the body of your published content advertisements for books available on Amazon and/or any other advertisements approved by the Rational Realm web master.

Review the relevant content type (philosophy essay, science book review, etc.) on the Rational Realm web site and the downloadable essay style template to see how your content should be styled. The sections below give a summary of the style guidelines for publication on the Rational Realm web site.

2. Layout Structure

The front page structure:

  • Content Title (Chicago Manual Title Case Capitalization)

  • Author's Name (First Name Initials Last Name)

  • Submission Date (dd Month YYYY)

  • Abstract (100 words)

The body structure:

  • Each section heading numbered with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, etc.)

  • Each sub-section numbered with decimals (2.1, 2.2, 2.3, etc.)

  • First section labelled 'Introduction' and outlining what the piece is about (for long essays)

  • Final section labelled 'Conclusion' and summarising piece (for long essays)

  • Each section or sub-section no longer than 2,000 words (to enable fit onto one HTML page)

  • Footnotes located at the bottom of each page (not endnotes) and are substantive

  • Footnotes do not contain simple citations (simple citations in body text)

The reference page structure:

  • Heading titled References and not numbered

  • References listed in alphabetical order by author, then by year of publication in ascending order

  • References by same author in same year distinguished by adding lower case letter to year of publication (e.g. 2002a, 2002b)

  • Co-authored items always follow single-authored items by same author

3. Text Style

  • Oxford English Dictionary's version of UK usage

  • Body text in 12pt Calibri font

  • Body text left justified with no hyphenation at end of lines

  • Headings (bolded) and sub-headings (italicised) in 14pt Cambria font

  • All headings and sub-headings centre justified

  • All headings and sub-headings in Chicago Manual Title Case Capitalization

  • Single space between sentences, not two

  • Space between each dot in ellipses (e.g. '. . .')

  • Acronyms spelled out on first use, with acronym in brackets

  • Word endings 'ize', not 'ise' (e.g. 'realize')

  • Curly quotes, not straight quotes (i.e. use ‘ ’, not ' )

  • Short quotations enclosed by single quotation marks

  • Quotations of 40 words or more indented without quotation marks

  • Double quotation marks only for quotes within a quote

4. Citations and Footnotes Style

  • Single author, single source:

    Jackson [1982: 42] says . . .

    . . . (as found in Smith [1996: 22], for example).

  • Single author, multiple sources ordered chronologically:

    [Jones 2006: 10–19, 2009: 45–8, 2011: 110–19].

  • Multiple authors:

    . . . (see Jones [2006: 131]; Smith [2008]).

  • Multiple authors ordered chronologically:

    [Campbell 1970: 48, 1982; Block 1978: 277–82; Jackson 1982: 23–5, 1990: 71]

  • Referencing two pages, chapters, parts and sections:

    [Jones 1997: 100ff, 2011: ch. 4, 2013: part 1, 2014: sec. 7].

  • Referencing multiple chapters, parts and sections:

    [Jones 2011: chs 4, 5, 2013: parts 1–5, 2014: secs 7, 9–11].

  • Footnotes contain no space between footnote number and footnote text.

5. References Style


  • Ayer, A. J. 1974. The Origins of Pragmatism, London: Macmillan.
  • BonJour, Laurence 2013. Epistemological Problems of Perception, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2013 Edition), ed. Edward N. Zalta, URL = <>.
  • Mill, John Stuart 1861 (1962). Utilitarianism, ed. M. Warnock, Glasgow: Collins.
  • Regan, Tom and Peter Singer, eds, 1976. Animal Rights and Human Obligations, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
  • Singer, Peter 1979a. Animal Liberation, in Moral Problems, 3rd edn, ed. J. Rachels, New York: Harper and Row: 83–101.
  • Singer, Peter 1979b. Killing Humans and Killing Animals, Inquiry 22/1–2: 145–56.
  • Singer, Peter 1979c. Practical Ethics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

6. More Information

Download and use the Rational Realm essay style template to style your submission.

For more detailed information on style requirements, visit the Journal Style section of the AJP web site.

Download more detailed AJP style standards in specific areas (pdf format):

To ask any questions you may have about the submission process and publication standards, please use our contact form.

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